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GDPR Article 5, Principles relating to processing of personal data

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GDPR Article 5: What does it mean? 

Article 5 outlines the GDPR core principles that must be to process personal data. Data controllers must be able to demonstrate compliance with these principles:

 Lawfulness, Fairness and Transparency – Personal data is processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner with respect to the data subjects.

  • Purpose Limitation – Personal data is collected for legitimate purposes.
  • Data Minimization – Personal data is limited to what is necessary.
  • Accuracy – Inaccurate personal data needs to be deleted or corrected.
  • Retention Limitation - Personal data should only be retained for as long as is required to achieve the purpose for which data were collected and are being processed.
  • Integrity and confidentiality – Personal data is processed using appropriate security.

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 The following is the specific GDPR Article  5: 

1. Personal data shall be:

(a) processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to the data subject (‘lawfulness, fairness and transparency’);
(b) collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall, in accordance with Article 89(1), not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes (‘purpose limitation’);
(c) adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed (‘data minimisation’);
(d) accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; every reasonable step must be taken to ensure that personal data that are inaccurate, having regard to the purposes for which they are processed, are erased or rectified without delay (‘accuracy’);
(e) kept in a form which permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data are processed; personal data may be stored for longer periods insofar as the personal data will be processed solely for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes in accordance with Article 89(1) subject to implementation of the appropriate technical and organisational measures required by this Regulation in order to safeguard the rights and freedoms of the data subject (‘storage limitation’);
(f) processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organisational measures (‘integrity and confidentiality’).

2. The controller shall be responsible for, and be able to demonstrate compliance with, paragraph 1 (‘accountability’).